An enzymatic method for quantitative detection of the reduced form of nicotinamide-adenine dinucleotide (NADH) using surface-enhanced Raman scattering was developed. Under the action of NADH oxidase and horseradish peroxidase, NADH can generate hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) in a 1:1 molar ratio, and the H2O2 can oxidize a chromogen into pigment with a 1:1 molar ratio. Therefore, the concentration of NADH can be determined by detecting the generated pigment. In our experiments, eight chromogens were studied, and o-tolidine (OT) was selected because of the unique Raman peaks displayed by its corresponding pigment. The optimal OT concentration was 2 × 10-3 M, and this gave the best linear relationship and the widest linear range between the logarithmic H2O2concentration and the logarithmic integrated SERS intensity of the peak centered at 1448 cm-1. Under this condition, the limit of detection for NADH was as low as 4 × 10-7 M. Two NADH samples with concentrations of 2 × 10-4 and 2 × 10-5 M were used to validate the linear relationship, and the logarithmic deviations were less than 3%.
Teng, H., Lv, M., Liu, L., Zhang, X., Zhao, Y., Wu, Z., & Xu, H. (2017). Quantitative detection of NADH using a novel enzyme-assisted method based on surface-enhanced Raman scattering. Sensors (Switzerland), 17(4). https://doi.org/10.3390/s17040788