It is projected that aged population (≥60 years) will continue to increase globally, including in Africa. This is due to reduced population growth, decreased fecundity and improved medical interventions; factors which increase life expectancy. While this is typical for developed countries, it is not the same for Africa and similar developing regions. In these regions, a significant proportion of death is due to non-communicable diseases (NCD’s) such as hypertension, cerebrovascular accident, coronary heart disease, diabetes mellitus, chronic renal disease and cancer, among others. Rising prevalence of NCD’s due mainly to western style diets and sedentary living is made worse by inadequate nutrition education, high prevalence of low birth weight, poor health services, lack of efficient tobacco control and deficient planning of built environment.
Oghagbon, E. K., & Giménez-Llort, L. (2014). Sustaining Increase in Life Expectancy in Africa Requires Active Preventive Measures against Non-Communicable Diseases. Open Journal of Preventive Medicine, 04(05), 283–292. https://doi.org/10.4236/ojpm.2014.45035