Several single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGFA) gene have been previously reported to be associated with glioma susceptibility, but individual studies have demonstrated inconclusive results. In the current study, a meta-analysis was performed to derive a more precise estimation of the involvement of VEGFA polymorphisms in glioma development. A comprehensive literature search conducted in PubMed, Embase, the Cochrane Library, and OVID databases through February 25, 2017 yielded 4 eligible studies consisting of 2,275 cases and 2,475 controls. Pooled odds ratios (ORs) and corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated under allele contrast, dominant, recessive, homozygous, and heterozygous models. In general, minor alleles of polymorphisms rs3025039, rs2010963, and rs3025030 were associated with increased glioma risk. In contrast, a significant correlation was found between the minor allele of polymorphism rs3024994 and decreased susceptibility to glioma. Moreover, statistically significant associations with glioma risk were observed for polymorphisms rs1413711 and rs3025035 in the meta-analysis although positive associations were not observed in any of the included studies individually. No significant correlations with glioma susceptibility were identified for polymorphisms rs3025010 or rs833069 except in the recessive model. Finally, stratified analysis on the basis of genotyping method and Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium (HWE) in controls revealed no significant difference between subgroups. Our results indicated that several VEGFA polymorphisms might be risk factors for glioma in Chinese. More studies with larger sample sizes using different ethnicities are needed to provide additional evidence.
Zhao, P., Chen, A., Qi, Q., Zhou, W., Feng, Z., Wang, J., … Huang, B. (2017). Impact of VEGFA polymorphisms on glioma risk in Chinese. Oncotarget, 8(48), 83712–83722. https://doi.org/10.18632/oncotarget.19380