CFD Uncertainty Quantification using PCE–HDMR: Exemplary Application to a Buoyancy-Driven Mixing Process

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For the investigation of uncertainties in high dimensional spaces of computationally expensive engineering applications, reliable Uncertainty Quantification (UQ) methods are needed. These methods should provide accurate and efficient High-Dimensional Model Representations of stochastic results using a reasonable number of calculations. Therefore, the PCE–HDMR approach (Polynomial Chaos Expansion–High-Dimensional Model Representation) is utilized to qualify appropriate UQ methods for large-scale computations in the field of Computational Fluid Dynamics. This technique is a combination of Cut-HDMR, a hierarchical decomposition modeling approach, with PCE. To demonstrate its effectiveness, the PCE–HDMR methodology in conjunction with complementary modeling techniques is applied for the UQ analysis of a buoyancy-driven mixing process between two miscible fluids within the Differentially Heated Cavity of aspect ratio 4. The results include a thorough probabilistic representation of time-dependent response quantities that comprehensively describe the mixing process. The stochastic models are derived from Large Eddy Simulations using PCE–HDMR and the Sparse Grid Method, which serves as a reference for the results from PCE–HDMR. The results show that PCE–HDMR provides accurate statistics of the modeled time-dependent stochastic processes and shows good agreement with the reference results. Thus, PCE–HDMR indicates great potential for UQ of technical-scale computations due to its efficiency and flexibility in the construction of stochastic models.




Wenig, P. J., Kelm, S., & Klein, M. (2024). CFD Uncertainty Quantification using PCE–HDMR: Exemplary Application to a Buoyancy-Driven Mixing Process. Flow, Turbulence and Combustion, 112(1), 191–216.

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