Controlled-release oxycodone and naloxone in the treatment of chronic low back pain: A placebo-controlled, randomized study

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: For Canadian regulatory purposes, an analgesic study was required to complement previously completed, pivotal studies on bowel effects and analgesia associated with controlled-release (CR) oxycodone/CR naloxone. OBJECTIVES: To compare the analgesic efficacy and safety of CR oxycodone/CR naloxone versus placebo in patients with chronic low back pain. METHODS: Patients requiring opioid therapy underwent a two- to sevenday opioid washout before being randomly assigned to receive either 10 mg/5 mg CR oxycodone/CR naloxone or placebo every 12 h, titrated weekly according to efficacy and tolerability to 20 mg/10 mg, 30 mg/15 mg or 40 mg/20 mg every 12 h. After four weeks, patients crossed over to the alternative treatment for an additional four weeks. Acetaminophen/codeine (300 mg/30 mg every 4 h to 6 h as needed) was provided as rescue medication. RESULTS: Of the 83 randomized patients, 54 (65%) comprised the per-protocol population. According to per-protocol analysis, CR oxycodone/CR naloxone resulted in significantly lower mean (± SD) pain scores measured on a visual analogue scale (48.6±23.1 mm versus 55.9±25.4 mm; P=0.0296) and five-point ordinal pain intensity scores (2.1±0.8 versus 2.4±0.9; P=0.0415) compared with placebo. After the double-blinded phase, patients and investigators both preferred CR oxycodone/CR naloxone over placebo. These outcomes continued in the 79% of patients who chose to continue receiving CR oxycodone/CR naloxone in a six-month, open-label evaluation. CONCLUSIONS: In patients complying with treatment as per protocol, CR oxycodone/CR naloxone was effective for the management of chronic low back pain of moderate or severe intensity. ©2013 Pulsus Group Inc. All rights reserved.

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Cloutier, C., Taliano, J., O’Mahony, W., Csanadi, M., Cohen, G., Sutton, I., … Michalko, K. J. (2013). Controlled-release oxycodone and naloxone in the treatment of chronic low back pain: A placebo-controlled, randomized study. Pain Research and Management, 18(2), 75–82. https://doi.org/10.1155/2013/164609

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