Objectives: To compare the clinical and bacteriological effectiveness of intravenous (IV) ceftriaxone followed by oral cefditoren pivoxil or IV ceftriaxone for acute pyelonephritis. Methods: A prospective randomized controlled trial of patients with a presumptive diagnosis of acute pyelonephritis was performed. Daily 2. g IV ceftriaxone was initially given to all patients. After day 3, patients who satisfied the criteria for switch therapy were randomized to either group A (IV ceftriaxone) or group B (oral cefditoren pivoxil 400. mg once daily). Results: Eighty-two patients were enrolled; 41 (50%) patients in group A and 41 (50%) patients in group B were evaluated. There was no statistically significant difference in baseline characteristics between the two groups. Clinical cure was observed in 39 of 41 (95.1%) patients in group A and 41 of 41 (100%) patients in group B (p=0.15, 95% confidence interval (CI) -0.12 to 0.02). Urine bacteriological eradication was found in 63.4% in group A and 60% in group B (p=0.75, 95% CI -0.18 to 0.25). There was no statistically significant difference in adverse effects between the two treatment groups. Conclusion: These data suggest that IV ceftriaxone followed by oral cefditoren pivoxil is highly effective and well-tolerated for the treatment of acute pyelonephritis, even for uropathogens with a high proportion of quinolone-resistant strains. © 2012 International Society for Infectious Diseases.
Monmaturapoj, T., Montakantikul, P., Mootsikapun, P., & Tragulpiankit, P. (2012). A prospective, randomized, double dummy, placebo-controlled trial of oral cefditoren pivoxil 400mg once daily as switch therapy after intravenous ceftriaxone in the treatment of acute pyelonephritis. International Journal of Infectious Diseases, 16(12). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijid.2012.07.009