Pylephlebitis is defined as septic thrombophlebitis of the portal vein. It is a rare but serious complication of an intraabdominal infection, more commonly diverticulitis and appendicitis. It has an unspecific clinical presentation and the diagnosis is difficult. The authors report a case of a 21-year-old man with acute appendicitis complicated by pylephlebitis. The diagnosis was made with contrast enhanced CT.
Castro, R., Fernandes, T., Oliveira, M. I., & Castro, M. (2013). Acute Appendicitis Complicated by Pylephlebitis: A Case Report. Case Reports in Radiology, 2013, 1–3. https://doi.org/10.1155/2013/627521