Background Laparoscopic common bile duct exploration (LCBDE) during laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) is as effective as two-stage endo-laparoscopic treatment, but with shorter hospital stay, lower cost and recurrent stone rate. Aim of this paper was to report the authors’ experience with LCBDE during LC. Methods A retrospective analysis of patients who underwent LCBDE for ductal stones was performed. Recurrent stones were defined as CBD stones detected beyond 6 months from the procedure. Postoperative biliary stricture was defined as a symptomatic reduction of CBD diameter. Results Out of 3444 patients who underwent LC, 384 (11%) had CBD stones treated by trans-cystic duct exploration [214 (6%) patients, TCD-CBDE] or choledochotomy [170 (5%) patients, C-CBDE]. For TCD-CBDE and C-CBDE, mean operative time was 127 ± 69 and 191 ± 74 min, respectively. Major morbidity rate was 3% (n = 6) in TCD-CBDE and 6% (n = 11) in C-CBDE. The incidence of residual stones was 5% (n = 20) and complete ductal clearance rate was 95% (n = 364). After long-term follow-up (mean 189 ± 105 months) the recurrent stone rate was 2%. Discussion In expert centers, LCBDE during LC is safe and effective with low short and long term morbidity rates.
Quaresima, S., Balla, A., Guerrieri, M., Campagnacci, R., Lezoche, E., & Paganini, A. M. (2017). A 23 year experience with laparoscopic common bile duct exploration. HPB, 19(1), 29–35. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.hpb.2016.10.011