High failure rate after Beta-tricalcium phosphate grafting for the treatment of femoral head osteonecrosis: A retrospective analysis

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Abstract

Background: Non-vascularized bone grafting is a promising head-preserving technique for younger patients diagnosed as non-traumatic osteonecrosis of the femoral head (NONFH). Among the various types of bone grafting techniques, "light-bulb" procedure grafting with synthetic bone substitute is an attractive option. We aimed to assess the effectiveness of using beta-tricalcium phosphate (β-TCP) for the treatment of pre-collapse and early post-collapse lesions NONFH. Methods: From April 2010 to June 2014, 33 patients (47 hips) with NONFH were treated using the afore-mentioned technique. The clinical and radiological outcomes were recorded and compared statistically between pre- and post-operation. Harris hip score (HHS) was used to evaluate the clinical results, and Association Research Circulation Osseous (ARCO) stage was applied to assess the radiological outcomes. Results: The 5-years survival rate of using β-TCP grafting was accounting for 25.5%. HHS was decreased from 78.47 to 52.87 points, and a very significant worsening of radiological results were revealed (P < 0.05). Two hips collapsed more than 2 mm were awaiting for THA, and 33 of the 47 hips had converted to THAs in an average time to failure of 24.24 months postoperatively. Meanwhile, only 4 hips survived without collapse, and 8 hips collapsed less than 2 mm. After surgery, the time onset of head collapse was 3.65 months on average, and the first conversion to THA was performed at 5 months postoperative. Conclusions: Our results suggest that "light-bulb" procedure grafting with β-TCP sticks presented with a high failure rate in the early postoperative period. It is not proposed for the treatment of pre-collapse and early post-collapse lesions NONFH.

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Liu, P., Mu, X. H., Yu, H. C., Guan, J. L., Liu, Z. H., Wang, W. G., … Guo, W. S. (2020, April 27). High failure rate after Beta-tricalcium phosphate grafting for the treatment of femoral head osteonecrosis: A retrospective analysis. BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders. BioMed Central Ltd. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12891-020-03291-5

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