Lamin A/C mutation associated with lipodystrophy influences adipogenic differentiation of stem cells through interaction with Notch signaling

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Abstract

Lamins A and C are involved in many cellular functions, owing to its ability to bind chromatin and transcription factors and affect their properties. Mutations of the LMNA gene encoding lamin A/C affect differentiation capacity of stem cells. However, the signaling pathways involved in interactions with lamins during cellular differentiation remain unclear. Lipodystrophy associated with LMNA mutation R482L causes loss of fat tissue. In this study we investigated the role of LMNA mutation R482L in modulating Notch signaling activity in the adipogenic differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells. Notch was activated using lentiviral Notch intracellular domain. Activation of Notch was estimated through the expression of Notch-responsive genes by qPCR and by activation of a luciferase CSL-reporter construct. The effect of LMNA mutation on Notch activation and adipogenic differentiation was analyzed in cells bearing lentiviral LMNA WT or LMNA R482L. We show that, when Notch is activated, LMNA R482L contributes to down-regulation of Notch activation in undifferentiated and differentiated cells, and decreases adipogenic differentiation. Thus, lamin A/C interacts with Notch signaling, thereby influencing cellular differentiation, and point mutation in LMNA could halt this interaction.

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Perepelina, K., Dmitrieva, R., Ignatieva, E., Borodkina, A., Kostareva, A., & Malashicheva, A. (2018). Lamin A/C mutation associated with lipodystrophy influences adipogenic differentiation of stem cells through interaction with Notch signaling. Biochemistry and Cell Biology, 96(3), 342–348. https://doi.org/10.1139/bcb-2017-0210

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