Background BSN gene encodes Bassoon, an essential protein to assemble the cytomatrix at the active zone of neurotransmitter release. This study aims to explore the relationship between BSN variants and epilepsy. Methods Whole-exome sequencing was performed in a cohort of 313 cases (trios) with epilepsies of unknown causes. Additional cases with BSN variants were collected from China Epilepsy Gene V.1.0 Matching Platform. The Clinical Validity Framework of ClinGen was used to evaluate the relationship between BSN variants and epilepsy. Results Four pairs of compound heterozygous variants and one cosegregating heterozygous missense variant in BSN were identified in five unrelated families. These variants presented statistically higher frequency in the case cohort than in controls. Additional two de novo heterozygous nonsense variants and one cosegregating heterozygous missense variant were identified in three unrelated cases from the gene matching platform, which were not present in the Genome Aggregation Database. The missense variants tended to be located in C-terminus, including the two monoallelic missense variants. Protein modelling showed that at least one missense variant in each pair of compound heterozygous variants had hydrogen bond alterations. Clinically, two cases were diagnosed as idiopathic generalised epilepsy, two as focal epilepsy and the remaining four as epilepsy with febrile seizures plus. Seven out of eight probands showed infancy or childhood-onset epilepsy. Eight out of 10 affected individuals had a history of febrile convulsions. All the cases were seizure-free. The cases with monoallelic variants achieved seizure-free without treatment or under monotherapy, while cases with biallelic missense variants mostly required combined therapy. The evidence from ClinGen Framework suggested an association between BSN variants and epilepsy. Conclusion The BSN gene was potentially a novel candidate gene for epilepsy. The phenotypical severity was associated with the genotypes and the molecular subregional effects of the variants.
Ye, T., Zhang, J., Wang, J., Lan, S., Zeng, T., Wang, H., … Liu, X. R. (2023). Variants in BSN gene associated with epilepsy with favourable outcome. Journal of Medical Genetics, 60(8), 776–783. https://doi.org/10.1136/jmg-2022-108865