Objective: Congenital dislocation of the hip (CDH), which is one of the most common congenital skeletal disorders, corresponds to an abnormal seating of the femoral head in the acetabulum. It is commonly admitted that CDH presents a genetic component. However, little is known about the genetic factors involved. This study aimed to determine the role of two potential candidate genes on chromosome 17 in CDH: HOXB9 (involved in limb embryonic development) and COL1A1 (involved in joint laxity). Method: We set up a case-control association study (239 cases and 239 controls) in western Brittany (France) where CDH is particularly frequent. The set of informative single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in each gene was selected using Tagger and genotyped using the SNaPshot® method (n = 2 and n = 10, respectively). The association was tested both through single-locus and haplotype-based analyses, using SAS and Haploview softwares. In addition, we carried out the transmission disequilibrium test (TDT) with the same polymorphisms from a sample of 81 trios (i.e., 81 patients included in the case-control study and their both parents). Results: The case-control study revealed no significant association between CDH and the tagSNPs selected in both HOXB9 and COL1A1. Moreover, the TDT did not reveal distortion in allelic and haplotype transmission of the studied markers. Conclusion: Our study did not support an association between HOXB9 and COL1A1 and CDH in our population. These negative findings were obtained by population- and family-based designs. Analysis of the genetic component of CDH should focus on other candidate genes. © 2009 Osteoarthritis Research Society International.
Rouault, K., Scotet, V., Autret, S., Gaucher, F., Dubrana, F., Tanguy, D., … Férec, C. (2009). Do HOXB9 and COL1A1 genes play a role in congenital dislocation of the hip? Study in a Caucasian population. Osteoarthritis and Cartilage, 17(8), 1099–1105. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.joca.2008.12.012