Fabrication of Permeameter for Determination of Hydraulic Conductivity of Earth Materials

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Laboratory investigation is one of the major ways of assessing soil hydraulic conductivity. Determination of hydraulic conductivity aids in engineering design of well pumping, prediction concerning spread of polluting fluids, embankment of canal bank affected by seepage, flooding solutions and stability of earth dams. However, different studies have shown that there are alternative models to Darcy’s law which governs the widely use of laboratory measurement of hydraulic conductivity. The deficiencies accustomed to the conventional permeameter such as the time wastage and cost-intensivehas led to different research modification. A low-cost permeameter was fabricated using a plastic column, hose pipe, to serve as water inlet and outlet connected to two manometer tubes to measure the pressure head difference. The hydraulic conductivities measured using the low-cost were 4.31 cm/s, 8.14 cm/s, 6.12 cm/s, 5.86 cm/s for 0.3 mm coarse sand, 0.85-1 mm fine sand, sandy clay and silty clay respectively. In comparison of the fabricated permeameter with conventional permeameter and other fabricated laboratory permeameters, it was observed that the hydraulic conductivity obtained is consistent with the typical permeability range for each soil type.




A*, O. O., & Mojisola R, U. (2020). Fabrication of Permeameter for Determination of Hydraulic Conductivity of Earth Materials. International Journal of Innovative Technology and Exploring Engineering, 9(4), 1204–1210. https://doi.org/10.35940/ijitee.d1483.029420

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