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Introduction: A female urethral diverticulum is an uncommon pathologic entity. It can manifest with a variety of symptoms involving the lower urinary tract. Our objective is to describe the various aspects of the diverticulum of the female urethra such as etiology, diagnosis and treatment.Cases presentation: We report five female patients, without prior medical history. They had different symptoms: dysuria in four cases, recurrent urinary tract infection in three cases, stress incontinence in two cases and hematuria in two cases. All patients had dyspareunia. The physical exams found renitent mass located in the endovaginal side of urethra which drained pus in two cases. Urethrocystography found a diverticulum of urethra in all cases. Our five patients underwent diverticulotomy by endovaginal approach. The course after surgical treatment was favorable. The urinary catheter was withdrawn after ten days. Some recurrent symptoms were reported.Conclusion: Evaluation of recurrent urinary complaints in young women can lead to the finding of a diverticulum of urethra. Urethrocystography can reveal this entity. Diverticulectomy by endovaginal approach is the best choice for treatment. © 2014 Riyach et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.
Riyach, O., Ahsaini, M., Tazi, M. F., Mellas, S., Stuurman-Wieringa, R., Khallouk, A., … Farih, M. H. (2014). Female urethral diverticulum: Cases report and literature. Annals of Surgical Innovation and Research, 8(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/1750-1164-8-1