Aims. To date, studies on the role of eating traits in weight loss success have only included obese people without type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), thereby disregarding negative effects of T2DM-related metabolic changes. Our aim was to assess the association between eating traits and weight change after a lifestyle intervention in people with T2DM. Methods. For the current study, we reexamined data from a six-month intervention in 120 participants. We determined eating traits at baseline, using the DEBQ, which were used to produce three groups: unsuccessful dietary restrained (high restraint, high emotional/external eating scores), successful dietary restrained (high restraint, low emotional/external eating scores), and reference (low restraint, high or low emotional/external eating scores). Linear regression was used to study the association between the eating trait groups and weight changes after six months, while correcting for possible confounders. Results. On average, the weight loss success was limited, with a third of the participants being weight stable, a third losing weight > -1 kg (average loss -2.6 ± 1.9 kg), and a third gaining weight > +1 kg (average gain +3.3 ± 1.9 kg). When compared to the reference group, the unsuccessful dietary restrained gained weight during the intervention (beta = 1.2 kg, confidence interval (CI)% = 0.1; 2). No significant change was observed in the succesful dietary restrained group. Conclusions. The eating trait of being unsuccessfully dietary restrained is associated with weight-loss failure after a six-month lifestyle intervention in people with T2DM.
Koopman, A. D. M., Vd Ven, M., Beulens, J. W., Welschen, L. M., Elders, P. J., Nijpels, G., & Rutters, F. (2018). The association between eating traits and weight change after a lifestyle intervention in people with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Journal of Diabetes Research, 2018. https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/9264204