Development of in-situ CO2 capture coal utilization technologies

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Abstract

In-situ CO2 capture in coal utilization captures CO2 during coal combustion or gasification such as Oxygen fuel combustion or Chemical looping coal gasification processes. Japan coal energy center (JCOAL) have proposed a chemical looping coal gasification method. This method utilizes a chemical looping with the calcium cycle, in which CaO (or Ca(OH)2) captures CO2 during coal gasification to form CaCO3 and release heat for gasification to produce hydrogen in one gasifier. This paper introduces the current developing status of the method, mainly including the experimental examination of the transition of sorbent particle size distribution, ash and sulfur concentration of materials at several locations of gasification and calcination system for the process. As results it is shown that, the product gases from the chemical looping coal gasification only contained nearly 80% H2 with 20% CH4 with dry base. It was also found that coal ash and sulfur concentrated highly in the process of calcination after cyclone. And the plant cold gas efficiency which should be affected by ash separation was also analyzed. If it is possible, separate and remove ash and sulfur by applying devices like filter or/and cyclone separator, the plant coal gas efficiency may raise 2 points than that in the previous study in which a part of recycled sorbent was rejected without separation. As an application of the chemical looping coal gasification, exergy regeneration type IGFC power generation was proposed. Exhaust heat of FC can be used for reforming of CH4 which produced by coal gasification. This system was analyzed by use AspenPlus. The result shown that, hydrogen cold gas efficiency was about 10% higher than the cold gas efficiency of the chemical looping coal gasification. © 2013 The Author.

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APA

Lin, S. (2013). Development of in-situ CO2 capture coal utilization technologies. In Energy Procedia (Vol. 37, pp. 99–106). Elsevier Ltd. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.egypro.2013.05.089

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