Antimicrobial and Pro-Osteogenic Coaxially Electrospun Magnesium Oxide Nanoparticles-Polycaprolactone /Parathyroid Hormone-Polycaprolactone Composite Barrier Membrane for Guided Bone Regeneration

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Abstract

Introduction: An antibacterial and pro-osteogenic coaxially electrospun nanofiber guided bone regeneration (GBR) membrane was fabricated to satisfy the complicated and phased requirements of GBR process. Methods: In this study, we synthesize dual-functional coaxially electrospun nanofiber GBR membranes by encapsulating parathyroid hormone (PTH) in the core layer and magnesium oxide nanoparticles (MgONPs) in the shell layer (MgONPs-PCL/PTH-PCL). Herein, the physicochemical characterization of MgONPs-PCL/PTH-PCL, the release rates of MgONPs and PTH, and antibacterial efficiency of the new membrane were evaluated. Furthermore, the pro-osteogenicity of the membranes was assessed both in-vitro and in-vivo. Results: We successfully fabricated a coaxially electrospun nanofiber MgONPs-PCL/PTH-PCL membrane with the majority of nanofibers (>65%) ranged from 0.40~0.60μm in diameter. MgONPs-PCL/PTH-PCL showed outstanding antibacterial potential against Escherichia coli (E. coli) and Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) through the release of MgONPs. We also discovered that the incorporation of MgONPs significantly prolonged the release of PTH. Furthermore, both the in-vivo and in-vitro studies demonstrated that high dosage of PTH promoted pro-osteogenicity of the membrane to improve bone regeneration efficacy with the presence of MgONPs. Conclusion: The new composite membrane is a promising approach to enhance bone regeneration in periodontitis or peri-implantitis patients with large-volume bone defects.

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Dong, Y., Wu, G., Yao, L., Cai, L., Jin, M., Forouzanfar, T., … Liu, J. (2023). Antimicrobial and Pro-Osteogenic Coaxially Electrospun Magnesium Oxide Nanoparticles-Polycaprolactone /Parathyroid Hormone-Polycaprolactone Composite Barrier Membrane for Guided Bone Regeneration. International Journal of Nanomedicine, 18, 369–383. https://doi.org/10.2147/IJN.S395026

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