Protein kinases are one of the largest and most influential of gene families: constituting some 2% of the proteome, they regulate almost all biochemical pathways and may phosphorylate up to 30% of the proteome. Bioinformatics and comparative genomics were used to determine the C. elegans kinome and put it in evolutionary and functional context. Kinases are deeply conserved in evolution, and the worm has family homologs for over 80% of the human kinome. Almost half of the 438 worm kinases are members of worm-specific or worm-expanded families. Such radiations include genes involved in spermatogenesis, chemosensation, Wnt signaling and FGF receptor-like kinases. The C. briggsae kinome is largely similar apart from the expanded classes, showing that such expansions are evolutionarily recent.
Manning, G. (2005). Genomic overview of protein kinases. WormBook : The Online Review of C. Elegans Biology. https://doi.org/10.1895/wormbook.1.60.1