Percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty of one major coronary artery when the contralateral vessel is occluded

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Objectives. In 193 patients we evaluated the safety and efficacy of angioplasty of a critical stenosis of the right coronary artery (52 patients) or the left anterior descending coronary artery (141 patients), with the contralateral coronary artery occluded and the circumflex artery without significant stenosis. Backgroud. Attempted angioplasty of either the left anterior descending or the dominant right coronary artery when the contracteral vessel te occluded may trigger overwhelming left ventricular dysfunction or hemodynamic collapse, or both. Methods. Immediate and late outcome (33 ± 18 months) in the study group were compared with outcome in 214 patients who had angioplasty in both the left anterior descending and right coronary arteries and in 194 patients who had coronary artery surgery and were matched for number and location of significant lesions, ejection fraction, age, gender and study period. Results. Left ventricular function was normal (38%) or mildly (34%), moderately (22%) or severely (6% compromised. There were 11 (5.7%) emergency and 5 (2.6%) elective coronary artery operations, 3 (1.6%) myocardial infarctions and 1 in-hospital death in tht study group. After discharge there were 25 (13.1%) elective coronary operations, 7 (3.7%) myocardial infarctions and 9 (4.7%) deaths in the study group. The incidence of death and myocardial infarction was similar in all groups, with 80% power fo detect a 7% difference in adverse events. The study group had more elective surgery before and after discharge than did the surgical control group (p = 0.02). Conclusions. Dilating one major vessel when the contralateral vessel is occluded appears to be as safe as coronary surgery or two-vessel angioplasty. Incomplete revascularization in study group patients did not impair survival or increase myocardial infarction compared with the angioplasty and surgical control groups. © 1993.




Lafont, A., Dimas, A. P., Grigera, F., Pearce, G., Webb, M., & Whitlow, P. L. (1993). Percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty of one major coronary artery when the contralateral vessel is occluded. Journal of the American College of Cardiology, 22(5), 1298–1303.

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