Background: To explore the effect of abatacept treatment on patient-reported outcomes (PROs) in psoriatic arthritis (PsA). Methods: Patients with PsA were randomised (1:1) to subcutaneous abatacept 125 mg weekly/placebo for 24 weeks with early escape (EE) to open-label abatacept (week 16). Adjusted mean changes from baseline to weeks 16 (all patients) and 24 (non-EE responders) in Health Assessment Questionnaire-Disability Index (HAQ-DI), Short Form-36 (SF-36; physical and mental component summary and domains), Dermatology Life Quality Index and Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy-Fatigue (FACIT-F) were evaluated. Subpopulations were analysed by baseline C-reactive protein (CRP) level (> vs ≤ upper limit of normal [ULN]) and prior tumour necrosis factor inhibitor (TNFi) exposure. Proportions of patients reporting improvements ≥ minimal clinically important differences (MCIDs) and ≥ normative values (NVs) in HAQ-DI, SF-36 and FACIT-F (week 16 before EE) were analysed. Results: In total population, numerically higher improvements in most PROs were reported with abatacept (n = 213) versus placebo (n = 211) at both time points (P > 0.05). Higher proportions of abatacept versus placebo patients reported PRO improvements ≥ MCID and ≥ NV at week 16. At week 16, all PRO improvements were numerically greater (P > 0.05) in patients with baseline CRP > ULN versus CRP ≤ ULN (all significant [95% confidence interval] for abatacept vs placebo); improvements in SF-36 component summaries and FACIT-F were greater in TNFi-naïve versus TNFi-exposed patients (abatacept > placebo). Week 24 subgroup data were difficult to interpret due to low patient numbers. Conclusions: Abatacept treatment improved PROs in patients with PsA versus placebo, with better results in elevated baseline CRP and TNFi-naïve subpopulations. Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT01860976 (funded by Bristol-Myers Squibb); date of registration: 23 May 2013.
Strand, V., Alemao, E., Lehman, T., Johnsen, A., Banerjee, S., Ahmad, H. A., & Mease, P. J. (2018). Improved patient-reported outcomes in patients with psoriatic arthritis treated with abatacept: Results from a phase 3 trial 11 Medical and Health Sciences 1103 Clinical Sciences. Arthritis Research and Therapy, 20(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s13075-018-1769-7