Leprosy in Southern Brazil: A twenty-year epidemiological profile

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Abstract

Introduction: This study evaluated leprosy rates in Rio Grande do Sul, an area with a historically low prevalence. However, recent studies are lacking. Methods: Data extracted from a National Database were analyzed for clinical features and compared to 1980s data. Tendency was assessed via stationarity analysis. Results: Between 1990 and 2011, 4,770 cases were reported (0.21/10,000 inhabitants; 95% CI = 0.19-0.24). Detection was slightly higher among males, 1.9% cases were among children and most multibacillary (74.7%) at diagnosis. Conclusions: Leprosy is controlled in RS, but most cases are multibacillary. Early identification is important to avoid disabilities due to late diagnosis.

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Nazario, A. P., Ferreira, J., Schuler-Faccini, L., Fiegenbaum, M., Artigalás, O., & Vianna, F. S. L. (2017). Leprosy in Southern Brazil: A twenty-year epidemiological profile. Revista Da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical, 50(2), 251–255. https://doi.org/10.1590/0037-8682-0229-2016

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