This study aimed to investigate the effects of exposure to child maltreatment on self-esteem, social competence, peer relationships and school performance through a systematic literature review. For this purpose, a search of articles indexed in Medline, PsycINFO, Embase and Amed databases between 1984 and 2012 was done. In this review, 19 empirical articles in English were analyzed based on inclusion/exclusion criteria. These studies highlight that, overall, both adults and children/teenagers who were exposed to maltreatment during childhood showed impairments on self-esteem, social competence, peer relationships, and school performance. The analysis of the articles has also allowed the identification of the instruments used to assess the variables of interest and the description of the profile of those who participated of the studies included in this review.
Pacheco, J. T. B., Irigaray, T. Q., Werlang, B., Nunes, M. L. T., & Argimon, I. I. de L. (2014). Childhood maltreatment and psychological adjustment: A systematic review. Psicologia: Reflexao e Critica, 27(4), 815–824. https://doi.org/10.1590/1678-7153.201427422