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This paper introduces a new typology and associated measure of social and environmental mission integration (SEMI) by conceptually framing a feature of hybrid organizations—the degree of integration of their revenue model and social–environmental mission. The SEMI measure is illustrated using a hand-collected sample of 256 North American Certified B Corporations. We explore the heterogeneity of SEMI scores by identifying external-facing correlates and demonstrate non-congruence with Certified B Corporation’s audit results. Overall, our findings advance existing knowledge of these hybrid organizations and how they balance their social–environmental missions with their economic objectives.
Gamble, E. N., Parker, S. C., & Moroz, P. W. (2020). Measuring the Integration of Social and Environmental Missions in Hybrid Organizations. Journal of Business Ethics, 167(2), 271–284. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10551-019-04146-3