Analysis of cerebrovascular disease mortality trends in Andalusia (1980-2014)

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Abstract

Introduction: In recent decades, mortality rates for cerebrovascular diseases (CVD) have decreased significantly in many countries. This study analyses recent tendencies in CVD mortality rates in Andalusia (1980-2014) to identify any changes in previously observed sex and age trends. Patients and methods: CVD mortality and population data were obtained from Spain's National Statistics Institute database. We calculated age-specific and age-standardised mortality rates using the direct method (European standard population). Joinpoint regression analysis was used to estimate the annual percentage change in rates and identify significant changes in mortality trends. We also estimated rate ratios between Andalusia and Spain. Results: Standardised rates for both males and females showed 3 periods in joinpoint regression analysis: an initial period of significant decline (1980-1997), a period of rate stabilisation (1997-2003), and another period of significant decline (2003-2014). Conclusions: Between 1997 and 2003, age-standardised rates stabilised in Andalusia but continued to decrease in Spain as a whole. This increased in the gap between CVD mortality rates in Andalusia and Spain for both sexes and most age groups.

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Cayuela, A., Cayuela, L., Rodríguez-Domínguez, S., González, A., & Moniche, F. (2019). Analysis of cerebrovascular disease mortality trends in Andalusia (1980-2014). Neurologia, 34(5), 309–317. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nrl.2016.12.007

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