Fines Classification Based on Sensitivity to Pore-Fluid Chemistry

  • Jang J
  • Carlos Santamarina J
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Abstract

The 75-μm particle size is used to discriminate between fine and coarse grains. Further analysis of fine grains is typically based on the plasticity chart. Whereas pore-fluid-chemistry-dependent soil response is a salient and distinguishing characteristic of fine grains, pore-fluid chemistry is not addressed in current classification systems. Liquid limits obtained with electrically contrasting pore fluids (deionized water, 2-M NaCl brine, and kerosene) are combined to define the soil “electrical sensitivity.” Liquid limit and electrical sensitivity can be effectively used to classify fine grains according to their fluid-soil response into no-, low-, intermediate-, or high-plasticity fine grains of low, intermediate, or high electrical sensitivity. The proposed methodology benefits from the accumulated experience with liquid limit in the field and addresses the needs of a broader range of geotechnical engineering problems.

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Jang, J., & Carlos Santamarina, J. (2016). Fines Classification Based on Sensitivity to Pore-Fluid Chemistry. Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering, 142(4), 06015018. https://doi.org/10.1061/(asce)gt.1943-5606.0001420

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