The motivations, the design, and some applications of the new Pedestrian Dead Reckoning (PDR) navigation device, ULISS (Ubiquitous Localization with Inertial Sensors and Satellites), are presented in this paper. It is an original device conceived to follow the European recommendation of privacy by design to protect location data which opens new research toward self-contained pedestrian navigation approaches. Its application is presented with an enhanced PDR algorithm to estimate pedestrian's footpaths in an autonomous manner irrespective of the handheld device carrying mode: Texting or swinging. An analysis of real-time coding issues toward a demonstrator is also conducted. Indoor experiments, conducted with 3 persons, give a 5.8% mean positioning error over the 3 km travelled distances.
Ortiz, M., De Sousa, M., & Renaudin, V. (2017). A New PDR Navigation Device for Challenging Urban Environments. Journal of Sensors, 2017. https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/4080479