The temperature of a Lithium battery cell is important for its performance, efficiency, safety, and capacity and is influenced by the environmental temperature and by the charging and discharging process itself. Battery Management Systems (BMS) take into account this effect. As the temperature at the battery cell is difficult to measure, often the temperature is measured on or nearby the poles of the cell, although the accuracy of predicting the cell temperature with those quantities is limited. Therefore a thermal model of the battery is used in order to calculate and estimate the cell temperature. This paper uses a simple RC-network representation for the thermal model and shows how the thermal parameters are identified using input/output measurements only, where the load current of the battery represents the input while the temperatures at the poles represent the outputs of the measurement. With a single measurement the eight model parameters (thermal resistances, electric contact resistances, and heat capacities) can be determined using the method of least-square. Experimental results show that the simple model with the identified parameters fits very accurately to the measurements.
Nissing, Di., Mahanta, A., & Van Sterkenburg, S. (2017). Thermal Model Parameter Identification of a Lithium Battery. Journal of Control Science and Engineering, 2017. https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/9543781