“Environmental risk factors associated with juvenile idiopathic arthritis associated uveitis: a systematic review of the literature”

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Abstract

Background: Juvenile idiopathic arthritis associated uveitis (JIA-U) is the most common extra-articular manifestation of juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) and carries considerable risk to vision. The aim of this systematic review was to synthesise evidence of environmental risk factors for JIA-U and identify risk factors which may be modifiable or used to stratify JIA patients. Methods: This systematic review was carried out in accordance with PRISMA guidelines. Four online databases - Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health Literature, Web of Science, MEDLINE and Embase - were searched from database inception to 12th August 2020. Identified studies were screened by two independent reviewers against pre-defined inclusion and exclusion criteria. Data was extracted from all primary studies meeting inclusion criteria and independently checked. Results: We identified three studies from 895 unique records which met the inclusion criteria, each examining a different environmental risk factor. This systematic review includes 973, predominantly female, participants with JIA across these three studies. The use of allergy medication or documentation of “allergy”/“allergic” in the medical records was associated with an increased risk of JIA-U in all models presented. Vitamin D sufficiency was associated with reduced risk of JIA-U. There was insufficient evidence to support an association between seasonality and JIA-U. Conclusions: This review identifies a potential role for allergy and vitamin D in JIA-U. It also illustrates the paucity of data regarding environmental risk factors for JIA-U and highlights the need for further research to both identify additional risk factors and replicate existing findings.

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Clarke, S. L. N., Mageean, K. S., Carlton, H., Simonini, G., Sharp, G. C., Relton, C. L., & Ramanan, A. V. (2021). “Environmental risk factors associated with juvenile idiopathic arthritis associated uveitis: a systematic review of the literature.” Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection, 11(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12348-021-00247-1

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