Enterotoxigenic Staphylococcus aureus strains that were isolated from foods were investigated for their ability to develop direct-tolerance and cross-tolerance to sodium chloride (NaCl), potassium chloride (KCl), lactic acid (LA) and acetic acid (AA) after habituation in sublethal amounts (1/2 of the minimum inhibitory concentration-1/2 MIC and 1/4 of the minimum inhibitory concentration -1/4 MIC) of Origanum vulgare L. essential oil (OVEO). The habituation of S. aureus to 1/2 MIC and 1/4 MIC of OVEO did not induce direct-tolerance or cross-tolerance in the tested strains, as assessed by modulation of MIC values. Otherwise, exposing the strains to OVEO at sublethal concentrations maintained or increased the sensitivity of the cells to the tested stressing agents because the MIC values of OVEO, NaCl, KCl, LA and AA against the cells that were previously habituated to OVEO remained the same or decreased when compared with non-habituated cells. These data indicate that OVEO does not have an inductive effect on the acquisition of direct-tolerance or cross-tolerance in the tested enterotoxigenic strains of S. aureus to antimicrobial agents that are typically used in food preservation.
Tavares, A. G., do Monte, D. F. M., Dos Reis Albuquerque, A., Sampaio, F. C., Magnani, M., De Siqueira Júnior, J. P., & De Souza, E. L. (2015). Habituation of enterotoxigenic staphylococcus aureus to origanum vulgare l. Essential oil does not induce direct-tolerance and cross-tolerance to salts and organic acids. Brazilian Journal of Microbiology, 46(3), 835–840. https://doi.org/10.1590/S1517-838246320140355