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Background: The primary aim was to evaluate by means of thromboelastometry (ROTEM) the effects of hydroxyethyl starch (HES) 130/0.4 administered as a constant rate infusion (CRI) on hemostasis in hypoalbuminemic dogs. The second aim was to use ROTEM analysis to detect whether all hypoalbuminemic dogs of our population were hypercoagulable. Results: The study sample was 20 hypoalbuminemic dogs (albumin <2g/dl) with normal perfusion parameters and requiring intravenous fluid therapy. In order to support plasma colloid osmotic pressure, in addition to crystalloid, HES 130/0.4 was administered as a constant rate infusion at 1ml/kg/h (group 1, n=11) or 2ml/kg/h for 24h (group 2, n=9). Blood samples were collected at baseline (T0) and 24h postinfusion (T1); coagulation was assessed by standard coagulation profile (prothrombin time, activated partial thromboplastin time, and fibrinogen), and ROTEM analysis (in-TEM®, ex-TEM® and fib- TEM® profile). No statistically significant differences in ROTEM values in group 1 were observed (P>0.05), whereas in group 2 statistically significant differences (P<0.05) were found at T1 in the in-TEM® profile [decrease in clot formation time (P=0.04) and increase in α angle (P=0.02)] and in the ex-TEM® profile [increase in maximum clot firmness (P=0.008) and α angle (P=0.01)]; no changes were identified in the fib-TEM® profile. In both groups, a statistically significant decrease (P=0.007) in hematocrit was noted, whereas no statistically significant differences in platelet count and standard coagulation profile were found. In group 2, a statistically significant increase in TS values (P=0.03) was noted at T1. ROTEM tracings indicating a hypercoagulable state were observed in 7/20 dogs at T0 (5/11 in group 1 and 2/9 in the group 2). Conclusion: Our findings suggest that HES 130/0.4 administered as CRI does not cause hypocoagulability in hypoalbuminemic dogs. A trend toward hypercoagulability, probably related to the underlying diseases, was observed in group 2 at T1. Although all dogs were hyoalbuminemic, only 7/20 were hypercoagulable at T0, confirming the lack of correlation between albumin level and prothrombotic state.
Botto, A., Bruno, B., Maurella, C., Riondato, F., Tarducci, A., Mengozzi, G., & Borrelli, A. (2018). Thromboelastometric assessment of hemostasis following hydroxyethyl starch (130/0.4) administration as a constant rate infusion in hypoalbuminemic dogs. BMC Veterinary Research, 14(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12917-018-1357-8