Microbial mixotrophic denitrification using iron(II) as an assisted electron donor

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Abstract

Mixotrophic denitrification processes have a great potential in nitrogen removal in biological wastewater treatment processes. However, so far, few studies have focused on the mixotrophic denitrification system using Fe(II) as an exclusively assisted electron donors and the underlying mechanisms in such a process remain unclear. Furthermore, the mechanisms by which microorganisms cover carbon, nitrogen, phosphorus and iron in an iron-assisted mixotrophic system remain unrevealed. In this work, we explore the feasibility of using Fe(II) as an assisted electron donor for enhancing simultaneous nitrogen and phosphorus removal via long-term reactor operation and batch tests. The results show that Fe(II) could provide electrons for efficient nitrate reduction and that biological reactions played a predominant role in these systems. In these systems Thermomonas, a strain of nitrate-reduction Fe(II)-oxidation bacterium, was enriched and accounted for a maximum abundance of 60.2%. These findings indicate a great potential of the Fe(II)-assisted mixotrophic denitrification system for practical use as an efficient simultaneous nitrogen and phosphorus removal process.

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Pan, Y., Fu, Y. Y., Zhou, K., Tian, T., Li, Y. S., & Yu, H. Q. (2023). Microbial mixotrophic denitrification using iron(II) as an assisted electron donor. Water Research X, 19. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wroa.2023.100176

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