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Background: Despite current advances in gastric cancer treatment, disease metastasis and chemo-resistance remain as major hurdles against better overall prognosis. Previous studies indicated that IGHG1 as well as -Catenin serve as important regulators of tumor cellular malignancy. Therefore, understanding detailed molecular mechanism and identifying druggable target will be of great potentials in future therapeutic development. Methods: Surgical tissues and gastric cancer cell lines were retrieved to evaluate IGHG1 expression for patients with or without lymph node/distal organ metastasis. Functional assays including CCK8 assay, Edu assay, sphere formation assay and transwell assay, wound healing assay, etc. were subsequently performed to evaluate the impact of IGHG1/-catenin axis on tumor cell proliferation, migration and chemo-resistance. Results: Gastric cancer tissues and tumor cell lines demonstrated significantly higher level of IGHG1. Functional study further demonstrated that IGHG1 promoted proliferative and migration as well as chemo-resistance of gastric cancer tumor cells. Further experiments indicated that IGHG1 activated AKT/GSK-3/-Catenin axis, which played crucial role in regulation of proliferative and chemo-resistance of gastric cancer cells. Conclusion: This study provided novel evidences that IGHG1 acted as oncogene by promotion of gastric cancer cellular proliferation, migration and chemo-resistance. Our research further suggested that IGHG1/AKT/GSK-3β/β-Catenin axis acted as novel pathway which regulated gastric cancer cellular malignant behavior. Our research might inspire future therapy development to promote overall prognosis of gastric cancer patients.
Li, X., Chen, W., Yang, C., Huang, Y., Jia, J., Xu, R., … Xie, L. (2021). IGHG1 upregulation promoted gastric cancer malignancy via AKT/GSK-3β/β-Catenin pathway. Cancer Cell International, 21(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12935-021-02098-1
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