Sympathetic tales: Subdivisons of the autonomic nervous system and the impact of developmental studies

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Abstract

Remarkable progress in a range of biomedical disciplines has promoted the understanding of the cellular components of the autonomic nervous system and their differentiation during development to a critical level. Characterization of the gene expression fingerprints of individual neurons and identification of the key regulators of autonomic neuron differentiation enables us to comprehend the development of different sets of autonomic neurons. Their individual functional properties emerge as a consequence of differential gene expression initiated by the action of specific developmental regulators. In this review, we delineate the anatomical and physiological observations that led to the subdivision into sympathetic and parasympathetic domains and analyze how the recent molecular insights melt into and challenge the classical description of the autonomic nervous system.

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Ernsberger, U., & Rohrer, H. (2018, September 13). Sympathetic tales: Subdivisons of the autonomic nervous system and the impact of developmental studies. Neural Development. BioMed Central Ltd. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13064-018-0117-6

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