Age differences in the fronto-striato-parietal network underlying serial ordering

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Abstract

Maintaining the ability to arrange thoughts and actions in an appropriate serial order is crucial for complex behavior. We aimed to investigate age differences in the fronto-striato-parietal network underlying serial ordering using functional magnetic resonance imaging. We exposed 25 young and 27 older healthy adults to a digit ordering task, where they had to reorder and recall sequential digits or simply to recall them. We detected a network comprising of the lateral and medial prefrontal, posterior parietal, and striatal regions. In young adults, the prefrontal and parietal regions were more activated and more strongly connected with the supplementary motor area for “reorder & recall” than “pure recall” trials (psychophysiological interaction, PPI). In older adults, the prefrontal and parietal activations were elevated, but the PPI was attenuated. Individual adults who had a stronger PPI performed more accurately in “reorder & recall” trials. The decreased PPI appeared to be compensated by increased physiological correlations between the prefrontal/parietal cortex and the striatum, and by that between the striatum and the supplementary motor area.

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Ye, Z., Zhang, G., Li, S., Zhang, Y., Xiao, W., Zhou, X., & Münte, T. F. (2020). Age differences in the fronto-striato-parietal network underlying serial ordering. Neurobiology of Aging, 87, 115–124. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neurobiolaging.2019.12.007

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