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Traumatic temporomandibular joint (TMJ) ankylosis can be classified into fibrous, fibro-osseous and bony ankylosis. It is still a huge challenge for oral and maxillofacial surgeons due to the technical difficulty and high incidence of recurrence. The poor outcome of disease may be partially attributed to the limited understanding of its pathogenesis. The purpose of this article was to comprehensively review the literature and summarise results from both human and animal studies related to the genesis of TMJ ankylosis.
Yan, Y. B., Liang, S. X., Shen, J., Zhang, J. C., & Zhang, Y. (2014, September 4). Current concepts in the pathogenesis of traumatic temporomandibular joint ankylosis. Head and Face Medicine. BioMed Central Ltd. https://doi.org/10.1186/1746-160X-10-35