A qPCR and multiplex pyrosequencing assay combined with automated data processing for rapid and unambiguous detection of ESBL-producers Enterobacteriaceae

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Abstract

Rapid and specific detection of extended-spectrum β-lactamase-producing (ESBL) bacteria is crucial both for timely antibiotic therapy when treating infected patients as well as for appropriate infection control measures aimed at curbing the spread of ESBL-producing isolates. Whereas a variety of phenotypic methods are currently available for ESBL detection, they remain time consuming and sometimes difficult to interpret while being also affected by a lack of sensitivity and specificity. Considering the longer turnaround time (TAT) of susceptibility testing and culture results, DNA-based ESBL identification would be a valuable surrogate for phenotypic-based methods. Putative ESBL-positive Enterobacteriaceae isolates (n = 330) from clinical specimen were prospectively collected in Bulgaria, Romania and Democratic Republic of Congo and tested in this study. All isolates were assessed for ESBL-production by the E-test method and those giving undetermined ESBL status were re-tested using the combination disk test. A genotypic assay successively combining qPCR detection of blaCTX-M, blaTEM and blaSHV genes with a multiplex pyrosequencing of blaTEM and blaSHV genes was developed in order to detect the most common ESBL-associated TEM and SHV single nucleotides polymorphisms, irrespective of their plasmid and/or chromosomal location. This assay was applied on all Enterobacteriaceae isolates (n = 330). Phenotypic and genotypic results matched in 324/330 (98.2%). Accordingly, real-time PCR combined with multiplex pyrosequencing appears to be a reliable and easy-to-perform assay with high-throughput identification and fast TAT (~5 h).

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APA

Deccache, Y., Irenge, L. M., Ambroise, J., Savov, E., Marinescu, D., Chirimwami, R. B., & Gala, J. L. (2015). A qPCR and multiplex pyrosequencing assay combined with automated data processing for rapid and unambiguous detection of ESBL-producers Enterobacteriaceae. AMB Express, 5(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s13568-015-0136-1

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