Introduction: The goal of reducing the burden of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) requires close monitoring. Our objective is to characterize the decline of premature NCD mortality in Brazil based on Global Burden of Diseases (GBD) Study 2019 estimates. Methods: We used GBD 2019 data to estimate death rates of the four main NCDs – cardiovascular diseases, neoplasms, diabetes, and chronic respiratory diseases. We estimated the unconditional probability of death between ages 30 to 69, as recommended by the World Health Organization, as well as premature crude-and age-standardized death rates and disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) lost for these conditions. We also estimated trends in suicide (self-harm) death rates. Results: From 2010 to 2019, the age-standardized unconditional probability of premature death declined-1.4%/year (UI:-1.7%;-1.0%) . Age-standardized death rates declined-1.5%/ year (UI:-1.9%;-1.2%), and crude death rates-0.6%/year (UI: (-1.0%;-0.2%). Level of development correlated strongly with the rate of decline, with greatest declines occurring in the Southeast, Center West and South regions. Age-standardized mortality from self-harm declined, most notably in the elderly. Conclusions: Premature mortality due to the main NCDs has declined from 1990 in Brazil, although at a diminishing rate over time. The unconditional probability of death and the age-standardized mortality rate produced similar estimates of decline for the four main NCDs, and mirror well decline in mortality from all NCDs. Declines, especially more recent ones, fall short of the international goals. Strategic public health actions are needed. The challenge to implement them will be great, considering the political and economic instability currently faced by Brazil.
Cousin, E., Schmidt, M. I., Stein, C., de Aquino, É. C., Gouvea, E. de C. D. P., Malta, D. C., … Duncan, B. B. (2022). Premature mortality due to four main non-communicable diseases and suicide in Brazil and its states from 1990 to 2019: A Global Burden of Disease Study. Revista Da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical, 55. https://doi.org/10.1590/0037-8682-0328-2021