This essay explores the long Western history of anxieties about feigned illness connected specifically to social policy. There is a remarkable consistency of such anxieties across time, as they appear in almost every major historical period in the West since the Middle Ages.
Goldberg, D. S. (2021). Doubt & Social Policy: The Long History of Malingering in Modern Welfare States. The Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics : A Journal of the American Society of Law, Medicine & Ethics, 49(3), 385–393. https://doi.org/10.1017/jme.2021.58