This article is free to access.
Background: To investigate the clinical characteristics of Epstein–Barr virus (EBV) infection in the pediatric nervous system (NS). Methods: We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data and follow-up results of 89 children with neurological damage caused by EBV who were hospitalized in the children’s hospital of Chongqing Medical University from January 2008 to April 2019. Results: EBV infection of the NS can occur at any time of the year. The highest incidence was seen in the age group of 0–4 years. Fever is the main clinical feature (74/89, 83.1%). The main clinical types were encephalitis/meningoencephalitis (64/89, 71.9%), acute myelitis (2/89, 2.2%), acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM) (3/89, 3.4%), Guillain–Barré Syndrome (GBS) (15/89, 16.9%), neurological damage caused by EBV-hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (EBV-HLH) (4/89, 4.5%), and NS-post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorder (NS-PTLD) (1/89, 1.1%). Anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor encephalitis was found during the convalescence of EBV encephalitis. EBV encephalitis/meningitis showed no symptoms of tonsillitis, lymph node enlargement, skin rash, hepatosplenomegaly. Acute motor axonal neuropathy is the chief complication in GBS caused by EBV. Conclusion: There were significant differences in neurological complications caused by EBV. The prognosis of EBV infection in the NS is generally good. These illnesses are often self-limiting. A few cases may show residual sequelae.
Cheng, H., Chen, D., Peng, X., Wu, P., Jiang, L., & Hu, Y. (2020). Clinical characteristics of Epstein–Barr virus infection in the pediatric nervous system. BMC Infectious Diseases, 20(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12879-020-05623-1
Mendeley helps you to discover research relevant for your work.