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This chapter analyzes how learning twenty-first century competences has been implemented in the Finnish educational context through the enactment of national and local level curricula and the design of a teacher education development program in a decentralized education system, in which teachers, schools, municipalities, and universities have high autonomy. The curricula and development program emphasize learning twenty-first century competences. Both were designed in collaboration with Finnish teachers and teacher educators, representatives from the Ministry of Education and Culture, the Association of Finnish Local and Regional Authorities, the Teacher's Union, the Student's Unions, and the Principal Association. The major actions taken to implement these changes included piloting, seminars and conferences, having different support and local level collaborations, and networking. According to recent evaluations, both endeavors - the development of national and local level curricula and a teacher education development program - have resulted in progress towards implementing twenty-first century competences in schools and for teacher education.
Lavonen, J. (2020). Curriculum and teacher education reforms in finland that support the development of competences for the twenty-first century. In Audacious Education Purposes: How Governments Transform the Goals of Education Systems (pp. 65–80). Springer International Publishing. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-41882-3_3
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