Isolation and characterization of microcrystalline cellulose from oil palm biomass residue

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Abstract

In this work, we successfully isolated microcrystalline cellulose (MCC) from oil palm empty fruit bunch (OPEFB) fiber-total chlorine free (TCF) pulp using acid hydrolysis method. TCF pulp bleaching carried out using an oxygen-ozone-hydrogen peroxide bleaching sequence. Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy indicates that acid hydrolysis does not affect the chemical structure of the cellulosic fragments. The morphology of the hydrolyzed MCC was investigated using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), showing a compact structure and a rough surface. Furthermore, atomic force microscopy (AFM) image of the surface indicates the presence of spherical features. X-ray diffraction (XRD) shows that the MCC produced is a cellulose-I polymorph, with 87% crystallinity. The MCC obtained from OPEFB-pulp is shown to have a good thermal stability. The potential for a range of applications such as green nano biocomposites reinforced with this form of MCC and pharmaceutical tableting material is discussed. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.

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Mohamad Haafiz, M. K., Eichhorn, S. J., Hassan, A., & Jawaid, M. (2013). Isolation and characterization of microcrystalline cellulose from oil palm biomass residue. Carbohydrate Polymers, 93(2), 628–634. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.carbpol.2013.01.035

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