Edge level of aligners and periodontal health: a clinical perspective study in young patients

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Introduction: Although the superiority of clear aligners over multi-bracket appliances in keeping gingiva healthy has been suggested, the possible benefits of one aligner design over an-other have not yet been investigated, especially with regard to the vestibular edge. Objective: The aim of this study was to measure several periodontal indexes in adolescents undergoing orthodontic treatment with aligners, comparing two different types of rim. Methods: The study involved 43 patients aged between 14 and 18 years. The periodontal health was assessed using plaque index (PI), gingival index (GI), and gingival bleeding index (GBI), at the start of the treatment with aligners (T0), with a vestibular rim (VR) reaching up to 3 mm beyond the gingival margin. Three months later (T1), aligners were set to obtain a juxtagingival rim (JR) on the second quadrant and VR on the first quad-rant. The periodontal indexes were measured again, both at T1 and then three months later (T2). Results: Intra-quadrant comparisons revealed a statistically significant worsening of the periodontal indexes only for the second quadrant (p<0.05), at T1 (GI), and especially at T2 (PI, GI, GBI), while no statistically significant changes were found for the first quadrant. Conclusions: More severe mechanical irritation, especially during insertion and removal of the aligner, can explain the worsening inflammatory indexes with the JR. In addition, the pressure exerted by the JR on the gingival sulcus seemed to facilitate plaque deposition, whereas the VR had a protective effect, reducing the risk of mechanical trauma.




Favero, R., Libralato, L., Balestro, F., Volpato, A., & Favero, L. (2023). Edge level of aligners and periodontal health: a clinical perspective study in young patients. Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics, 28(1). https://doi.org/10.1590/2177-6709.28.1.e2321124.oar

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