The dramatic advances in wireless communications and electronics have enabled the development of Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs). WSNs consist of many affordable and portable sensor nodes for collecting data from the environment. In this article, we address management requirements of WSNs through presenting some key management scenarios in the Smart Cities context, such as intelligent transportation systems, smart grids and smart buildings. The limited resources and heterogeneous characteristics of WSNs pose new challenges in network management, which include the presence of various faults, the difficulty in replacing and repairing a large number of sensor nodes, the existence of an uncertain topology, and the resource allocation. To cope with these challenges, we first discuss advantages and disadvantages of centralized and distributed management approaches and then discuss the benefit of the multilevel management schema. Next, we present in detail the specific features for a WSN management system such as lightweight, self-detection, self-configuration, sharing infrastructure, service monitoring, plug and play, context awareness and interoperability. Finally, we present the required mechanisms for some basic management functions.
Cao Minh, T., Bellata, B., Oechsner, S., Liao, R., & Oliver, M. (2016). Managing HeterogeneousWSNs in Smart Cities: Challenges and Requirements. EAI Endorsed Transactions on Internet of Things, 2(5), 151710. https://doi.org/10.4108/eai.1-12-2016.151710