The direct activation of cannabinoid receptors (CBRs) results in several beneficial effects; therefore several CBRs ligands have been synthesized and tested in vitro and in vivo. However, none of them reached an advanced phase of clinical development due mainly to side effects on the CNS. Medicinal chemistry approaches are now engaged to develop allosteric modulators that might offer a novel therapeutic approach to achieve potential therapeutic benefits avoiding inherent side effects of orthosteric ligands. Here we identify the first ever synthesized positive allosteric modulator (PAM) that targets CB 2 Rs. The evidence for this was obtained using [ 3 H]CP55940 and [ 35 S]GTPγS binding assays. This finding will be useful for the characterization of allosteric binding site(s) on CB 2 Rs which will be essential for the further development of CB 2 R allosteric modulators. Moreover, the new CB 2 R PAM displayed antinociceptive activity in vivo in an experimental mouse model of neuropathic pain, raising the possibility that it might be a good candidate for clinical development.
Gado, F., Di Cesare Mannelli, L., Lucarini, E., Bertini, S., Cappelli, E., Digiacomo, M., … Manera, C. (2019). Identification of the First Synthetic Allosteric Modulator of the CB 2 Receptors and Evidence of Its Efficacy for Neuropathic Pain Relief. Journal of Medicinal Chemistry, 62(1), 276–287. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jmedchem.8b00368