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Background: Studies on the factors related to lacrimal gland prolapse (LGP) in patients with thyroid-associated ophthalmopathy (TAO) are limited. This study aimed to assess the factors associated with LGP on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and its relation to TAO activity. Methods: Thirty-six patients (72 orbits) with inactive TAO (43 orbits, Clinical Activity Score [CAS] < 3) or active TAO (29 orbits, CAS ≥3) were investigated retrospectively. All patients underwent ophthalmic evaluation and orbital magnetic resonance imaging. The severity of LGP and proptosis and the extraocular muscle (EOM) volume were measured. LGP and related factors were assessed by correlational and linear regression analyses. The value of LGP for discriminating the activity of TAO was evaluated by receiver-operating characteristic curve analysis. Results: The mean LGP was significantly higher in the active TAO group than in the inactive TAO group (P < 0.001). There were significant positive correlations between LGP severity and the CAS (r = 0.51, P < 0.001), proptosis (r = 0.72, P < 0.001), and EOM volume (superior rectus [r = 0.49, P < 0.001], inferior rectus [r = 0.47, P < 0.001], lateral rectus [r = 0.59, P < 0.001], medial rectus [r = 0.62, P < 0.001], superior oblique [r = 0.48, P < 0.001], and all EOMs [r = 0.59, P < 0.001]). Receiver-operating characteristic curve analysis revealed an LGP of 13.65 mm (area under the curve, 0.824; sensitivity, 79.3%; specificity, 81.4%) to be the cut-off value that differentiated active and inactive TAO. Conclusions: LGP measurements obtained from orbital magnetic resonance images were positively correlated with CAS, proptosis and EOM volume. The extent of LGP appears to be a good indicator of disease activity in patients with TAO.
Gao, Y., Chang, Q., Li, Y., Zhang, H., Hou, Z., Zhang, Z., … Li, D. (2022). Correlation between extent of lacrimal gland prolapse and clinical features of thyroid-associated ophthalmopathy: a retrospective observational study. BMC Ophthalmology, 22(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12886-022-02270-9
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