One-year cardiovascular risk and quality of life changes in participants of a health trainer service

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Abstract

Aims: To explore 12-month changes in cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk and healthrelated quality of life (HRQoL) in participants of a health trainer (HT) programme. Methods: Participants were 994 adults with at least one established CVD risk factor who were referred to a HT programme. The primary outcome was 12-month change in Framingham 10 year CVD risk score. Secondary outcomes included change in individual risk factors and HRQoL. Intention to treat analysis was used to explore 12-month changes for the overall population and those classified 'high risk' (≥20% CVD risk) at baseline. Results: At baseline, 33.6% of participants were classified as 'high CVD risk' and 95.7% were overweight or obese. There were modest 12-month improvements in most modifiable CVD risk factors, but not overall CVD risk (-0.25±6.50%). In 'high-risk' participants significant reductions were evident for overall CVD risk (-2.3±8.13%) and individual risk factors. Small, significant 12-month HRQoL improvements were observed, but these were not associated with CVD risk change. Conclusions: Significant CVD risk reductions in participants in this HT programme with high baseline CVD risk (≥20%) in HRQoL in the population as a whole indicated that the programme in its current form should target high-risk patients. © 2013 Royal Society for Public Health.

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APA

Gidlow, C. J., Cochrane, T., Davey, R., Beloe, M., Chambers, R., Kumar, J., … Iqbal, Z. (2014). One-year cardiovascular risk and quality of life changes in participants of a health trainer service. Perspectives in Public Health, 134(3), 135–144. https://doi.org/10.1177/1757913913484419

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