Prevalence and outcomes of sepsis in children admitted to public and private hospitals in Latin America: A multicenter observational study

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Abstract

Objective: To report the prevalence and outcomes of sepsis in children admitted to public and private hospitals. Methods: Post hoc analysis of the Latin American Pediatric Sepsis Study (LAPSES) data, a cohort study that analyzed the prevalence and outcomes of sepsis in critically ill children with sepsis on admission at 21 pediatric intensive care units in five Latin American countries. Results: Of the 464 sepsis patients, 369 (79.5%) were admitted to public hospitals and 95 (20.5%) to private hospitals. Compared to those admitted to private hospitals, sepsis patients admitted to public hospitals did not differ in age, sex, immunization status, hospital length of stay or type of admission but had higher rates of septic shock, higher Pediatric Risk of Mortality (PRISM), Pediatric Index of Mortality 2 (PIM 2), and Pediatric Logistic Organ Dysfunction (PELOD) scores, and higher rates of underlying diseases and maternal illiteracy. The proportion of patients admitted from pediatric wards and sepsis-related mortality were higher in public hospitals. Multivariate analysis did not show any correlation between mortality and the type of hospital, but mortality was associated with greater severity on pediatric intensive care unit admission in patients from public hospitals. Conclusion: In this sample of critically ill children from five countries in Latin America, the prevalence of septic shock within the first 24 hours at admission and sepsis-related mortality were higher in public hospitals than in private hospitals. Higher sepsis-related mortality in children admitted to public pediatric intensive care units was associated with greater severity on pediatric intensive care unit admission but not with the type of hospital. New studies will be necessary to elucidate the causes of the higher prevalence and mortality of pediatric sepsis in public hospitals.

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Souza, D. C., Barreira, E. R., Shieh, H. H., Cordeiro Ventura, A. M., Bousso, A., Troster, E. J., … Schioba, T. (2021). Prevalence and outcomes of sepsis in children admitted to public and private hospitals in Latin America: A multicenter observational study. Revista Brasileira de Terapia Intensiva, 33(2), 231–242. https://doi.org/10.5935/0103-507X.20210030

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