Triterpenoid biosynthesis and engineering in plants

99Citations
Citations of this article
206Readers
Mendeley users who have this article in their library.

Abstract

Triterpenoid saponins are a diverse group of natural products in plants and are considered defensive compounds against pathogenic microbes and herbivores. Because of their various beneficial properties for humans, saponins are used in wide-ranging applications in addition to medicinally. Saponin biosynthesis involves three key enzymes: oxidosqualene cyclases, which construct the basic triterpenoid skeletons; cytochrome P450 monooxygenases, which mediate oxidations; and uridine diphosphate-dependent glycosyltransferases, which catalyze glycosylations. The discovery of genes committed to saponin biosynthesis is important for the stable supply and biotechnological application of these compounds. Here, we review the identified genes involved in triterpenoid biosynthesis, summarize the recent advances in the biotechnological production of useful plant terpenoids, and discuss the bioengineering of plant triterpenoids. © 2011 Sawai and Saito.

Cite

CITATION STYLE

APA

Sawai, S., & Saito, K. (2011). Triterpenoid biosynthesis and engineering in plants. Frontiers in Plant Science, 2(JUN). https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2011.00025

Register to see more suggestions

Mendeley helps you to discover research relevant for your work.

Already have an account?

Save time finding and organizing research with Mendeley

Sign up for free