In vitro anticancer activity of ethanol extract of Adhatoda vasica Nees on human ovarian cancer cell lines

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Abstract

Background: Ovarian cancer causes more deaths than any other cancer of the female reproductive system because there is no effective screening and most women are diagnosed at advanced stages. The probability of survival at 5 years is less than 30%, and the limitation is that it will not respond to chemotherapy protocol and surgery as well. Moreover, some evidence have shown potential anticancer properties of flavonoids, protective chemicals in plant foods, such as being an antioxidant, antiestrogenic, antiproliferative, and antiinflammatory. In this study, the anticancer activity of crude ethanol extracts of leaves from Adhatoda vasica was investigated. Results: By the application of a cell-based assay, the LC 50 value of the A. vasica which showed anticancer effect was used for further studies. The cell line treated with LD 50 value of A. vasica extracts was observed for 0 h, 24 h, and 48 h to reveal the inhibition of the metastatic property in treated PA1 cells. The mRNA isolated from the teratocarcinoma PA1 cells treated with the A. vasica extract was further converted to cDNA and was amplified for the analysis of the p53 gene, p21 gene, and GAPDH gene expression. The expression in treated cells and the untreated control indicated the activity of the A. vasica extract against the ovarian cancer. Conclusion: The present study suggested the antiproliferative and antimetastatic effects of medicinal plant A. vasica on PA1 cells.

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Nikhitha, J. N., Swathy, K. S., & Chandran, R. P. (2021). In vitro anticancer activity of ethanol extract of Adhatoda vasica Nees on human ovarian cancer cell lines. Journal of Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology, 19(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s43141-021-00215-1

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