Magnetotactic bacteria (MTB) generate a membrane-enclosed subcellular compartment called magnetosome, which contains a biomineralized magnetite or greigite crystal, an inner membrane–derived lipid bilayer membrane, and a set of specifically targeted associated proteins. Magnetosomes are formed by a group of magnetosome-associated proteins encoded in a genomic region called magnetosome island. Magnetosomes are then arranged in a linear chain–like positioning, and the resulting magnetic dipole of the chain functions as a geomagnetic sensor for magneto-aerotaxis motility. Recent metagenomic analyses of environmental specimens shed light on the sizable phylogenetical diversity of uncultured MTB at the phylum level. These findings have led to a better understanding of the diversity and conservation of magnetosome-associated proteins. This review provides an overview of magnetosomes and magnetosome-associated proteins and introduces recent topics about this fascinating magnetic bacterial organelle.
Taoka, A., Eguchi, Y., Shimoshige, R., & Fukumori, Y. (2023, May 1). Recent advances in studies on magnetosome-associated proteins composing the bacterial geomagnetic sensor organelle. Microbiology and Immunology. John Wiley and Sons Inc. https://doi.org/10.1111/1348-0421.13062